If you receive research funding from The National Institutes of Health (NIH), you probably already know about the requirement to deposit a copy of your peer-reviewed manuscript in PubMed Central, NIH's free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences literature. The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), a bill introducted in the US Senate February 14, 2013, would extend public archiving of research manuscripts resulting from taxpayer funding to 11 other U.S. government agencies with annual extramural research budgets over $100 million:
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Department of Defense
Department of Education
Department of Energy
Department of Health and Human Services
Department of Homeland Security
Department of Transportation
Environmental Protection Agency
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
National Science Foundation
To learn more aobut FASTR, please visit:
February 22, 2013, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) issued a memorandum directing agencies with over $100 million in annual extramural research and development budgets to develop public access plans for research manuscripts and data resulting from federally funded projects.
Beginning January 18, 2011, all applications for funding from The National Science Foundation (NSF) must include a 2-page Data Management Plan describing how data will be created, managed, and made assessable over its lifetime. Because the Data Management Plan represents a significant change in the application process, potential NSF grant applicants should set aside extra time for understanding and developing this component of the proposal. Visit the Data Management Toolkit for more information.
The purpose of these various requirements, proposals, and directives is to facilitate timely sharing of research results and data within and across disciplines, provide for long-term management and preservation of research output, and ensure that the public has access to research that is funded with federal tax dollars.