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FIRE - First-Year Innovation and Research Experience 2019-2020: Citing & Writing

A guide for Paul College students in the FIRE program, with resources to aid in working on Grand Challenge research.

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Citing Resources From Business Databases

Citing information from business databases can be challenging, as these sources don’t always reflect traditional formats.  Use the examples below as templates to cite sources in APA style.

IBISWorld. (2007, November). Casino hotels in the US. Retrieved December 12, 2007, from IBIS Industry Market Research database.

MarketLine Advantage

MarketLine. (2012, June 28). Hilton Worldwide. [company profile]. Retrieved from MarketLine Advantage database.

Mergent Intellect

Mergent. (2016). Stryker Corporation: Financial details - income statement. Retrieved October 25, 2016 from Mergent Intellect database.

infoUSA, Inc. (2007). Hershey Company. Retrieved November 4, 2007, from ReferenceUSA database.


Nielsen Scarborough. (n.d.) Watching sports: Number of people who watched a National Hockey League event on a cable TV within the last 12 months in the United States (USA) from spring 2008 to spring 2015 (in millions). In Statista - The Statistics Portal. Retrieved October 7, 2016, from


(Examples provided by Gast Business Library, Michigan State University

First Year Instruction Librarian

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Ben Peck
Dimond Library
Room 323F