A literature review is a comprehensive summary of research on a topic and often summarizes and synthesizes the research as well.
Literature reviews are sometimes conducted early in the research process to provide an overview of the existing scholarship of a field of study.
A literature review can help:
Here are some resources with tips on conducting your literature review:
Scholarly (also called academic) articles are written by and for academics, researchers, and experts in the specific topic or broader subject area of the article.
Peer reviewed (also called refereed) articles are those which have been reviewed prior to publication by other experts in the topic of the article. Often reviewers are external (not members of the journal's editorial staff or board).
To help determine if an article has been peer reviewed, you can check:
Note: Not everything in a journal is peer reviewed; letters to the editor, book reviews, news items, and other short works without listed references are typically not peer reviewed the way more substantive articles are.
Empirical Research Articles
Literature Review, Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis
Editorial, Letter to the Editor, Article in a Column