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Use the following document for help in evaluating sources, including websites.
News and issues from multiple perspectives so you can think for yourself.
A nonpartisan, nonprofit “consumer advocate” for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics.
Fake News and First-Year Writing
John Duffy's "Fake News and First-Year Writing" essay from Inside Higher Ed.
Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education
From the Association for College and Research Libraries (ACRL), a division of the American Library Association. This is an in-depth look at the factors that go into discerning the reliability of a claim.
The Poynter Institute
The Poynter Institute develops resources for journalists and writers, plus offers resources on fact checking and media literacy for the general public.
How False News Can Spread, by Noah Tavlin
In previous decades, most news with global reach came from several major newspapers and networks with the resources to gather information directly. The speed with which information spreads now, however, has created the ideal conditions for something called circular reporting. Noah Tavlin sheds light on this phenomenon.
"Just because it's trending, doesn't mean it's true."
Mike Caulfield's SIFT (The Four Moves)
This site details "a short list of things to do when looking at a source, and hook[s] each of those things to one or two highly effective web techniques. We call the “things to do” moves." Stop, Investigate, Find Better Coverage, Trace Claims.
Student News Daily
StudentNewsDaily.com is a non-profit current events website for high school students. Our goal is to build students’ knowledge of current events and strengthen their critical thinking skills.
News Bias Explored
"What IS media bias? We've heard of it, but how does it acutally work? Is the media giving us the entire story?" Amid a sea of frustration, six brave souls joined forces to tackle these questions and explore the issue of news bias.
Explained: What is Fake News?
Good resource for media business models and filter bubbles.
What can I do to avoid fake news?
IFLA How To Spot Fake News
Known fake, parodic and misleading news sites
The Daily Dot: Fake News Sites List
NOTE: This list is not exhaustive and may be updated at any time. A compiled list of fake news sites to watch out for.
List of Fake and Parody News
Professor Zimdars' original list and criteria, with updates and addenda.
One of America's premier parodic news sites.
The Borowitz Report
From humorist Andy Borowitz, a column parodizing and commenting on current news trends
Dr. Joseph Mercola
Mercola is a doctor of osteopathy who has frequently been targeted by the FDA for promoting false, misleading and even dangerous medical advice. His site promotes products and his blog includes false and/or misleading information about medical topics.
The Childhood Goat Trauma Foundation
One of the guide author's favorite parody sites (or is it real?).
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