Depositing your data in an archive or repository will facilitate its discovery and preservation, and facilitate proper citation. Informal methods of providing your data, such as emailing it to a colleague or posting a file on a website, are not the same as sharing your data in a way that makes it discoverable and easy for other researchers to find your data.
Repositories are maintained by many academic discipline communities, by funding agencies to provide access to funded research, and by academic institutions to protect community member research. Many repositories assign data identifies to your data (e.g., DOI, PURL, Handle.Net, etc.).
Before sharing human subjects or culturally/nationally sensitive data, always consider the rights and responsibilities you have with regard to issues of confidentiality, privacy, and intellectual property. For more on the responsible conduct of research, see the Responsible Conduct of Research & Scholarly Activity research guide.
It is vital to maintain the confidentiality of research subjects for reasons of ethics and to ensure the continuing participation in research. At the same time, data on research subjects can be shared if proper steps are taken to maintain participant confidentiality: