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Why Use Reference Sources?
Reference sources are good places to gather background information on a topic or get ideas when choosing a topic.
- specific factual information such as dates
- overviews or summaries of topics
- recommendations for additional sources
- research vocabulary
Types of reference sources
- specialized encyclopedias
- statistical compilations
Selected Online Resources
Encyclopedia of Social Work
Core reference tool for social workers on topics ranging from international issues to ethical standards. Revised and new articles are added monthly
Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Violence
Covers all aspects of the problem of interpersonal violence.
Encyclopedia of Multicultural Psychology
Presents a thorough overview of the psychology of racial, ethnic, and minority issues in the United States, including contributions from social, developmental, methodological, clinical, industrial/organizational, and health, educational, school, and family psychology.
Encyclopedia of Social Measurement
Captures the data, techniques, theories, designs, applications, histories, and implications of assigning numerical values to social phenomena. Offers descriptions of quantitative and qualitative techniques, measurement, sampling, and statistical methods as well as tools, background information, qualitative methods, and guidelines for structuring the research process.
International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences
First attempt since 1968 to describe the state of the art in all the fields encompassed within the social and behavioral sciences. Comprises 4,000 articles and includes 90,000 bibliographic references as well as comprehensive name and subject indexes.
Online reference library that provides access to a selection of reference books including encyclopedias, dictionaries, thesauri and books of quotations, not to mention a range of subject-specific titles covering everything from art to accountancy and literature to law.
Foundation Directory Online
Information on grantmakers and their grants including a database of over 96,000 foundations, corporate giving programs, and grantmaking public charities in the U.S.; a database of over 3,600 sponsoring companies; a database of over 1.4 million recently awarded grants.
These are some good starting points for demographic, social, and economic statistical information. If you aren't finding what you need, Ask a Librarian.
Comprehensive access to statistical information from state and federal government agencies, IGOs, and nonprofit organizations.
Statistics from more than 100 US federal agencies. Access by topic, geographical area, or agency
Extensive population, housing, economic, and geographic data from the US Census Bureau.
New Hampshire Community Profiles
Information on the 234 incorporated cities and towns in NH. Data presented here comes from a variety of sources, including community response, published reports, and maps.
Kids Count Data Center
Access hundreds of measures of child well-being - by state or across states. Create maps, line graphs, and rankings.
Information on national indicators of child well-being and changes in these indicators over time; data provided by collection of 22 Federal government agencies involved in research and activities related to children and families.