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Education (UNH Durham)

General guide to support programs in the Dept. of Education; also includes course pages

What is Grey Literature?

Grey literature is material of a scholarly nature produced outside the usual publication channels such as peer-reviewed journals; it is generally not commercially published (Example). Grey literature can include

  • government information
  • think tank reports
  • working papers
  • conference proceedings
  • publications from charitable or non-profit organizations
  • theses and dissertations
  • digital libraries or repositories

Finding Grey Literature

Grey literature can be harder to identify and find because it often isn't formally published or indexed in the databases used to find scholarly literature.

Some specialized databases may include records for some grey literature, such as government reports, dissertations, or conference papers.

Other strategies to help identify grey literature include:

  • check lists of references in books or articles
  • identify likely producers of grey literature (think tanks, government agencies, NGOs, etc.)
    • Look for Resources, Publications, Reports, Data or similar categories on agency or organization websites
  • identify experts in the topic and check their CVs for their publications, reports, conference talks, etc.
  • search online - for example, limit Google searches to organization sites by including '' (no quotes) in the search