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Responsible Conduct of Research & Scholarly Activity

This research guide provides access to a host of resources on the responsible conduct of research and scholarly activity.

Rigor, Reproducibility & Replication

             "Non-reproducible single occurrences are of no significance to science."

~ Karl Popper

Scientific rigor and reproducibility are integral to scientific integrity, and the responsible conduct of research. Casadevall & Fang (2016) propose the following five constituent elements of scientific rigor:

  1. Redundancy in experimental design
  2. Sound statistical analysis
  3. Recognition of error
  4. Avoidance of logical traps
  5. Intellectual honesty

In science, reproducibility has several meanings.  Goodman, Fanelli, & Ioannidis (2016) propose three elements of reproducibility:

  1. Methods reproducibility
  2. Results reproducibility
  3. Inferential reproducibility

Researchers should conduct research in a manner that promotes scientific integrity, enhances confidence and reliability in the study and its results, and demonstrates rigor and transparency.  Via the resources provided here, learn more about the issues related to rigor and reproducibility that researchers are facing, and how to address them in your own research or scholarship.

Ten Simple Rules - PLOS Collection